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Saudi Arabia, a nation of striking contrasts, occupies a unique space where history, tradition, and the swift currents of modernization converge. As individuals prepare to embark on their journey in this multifaceted land, it is crucial to gain a deeper understanding of its intricate identity. In this comprehensive article, we will take a closer look at the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, peeling back the layers of its rich history, exploring the pivotal role of the Saudi Royal Family, and shedding light on various facets of life in this ever-evolving nation.


The Saudi Royal Family: Pillars of the Kingdom

The Saudi Royal Family, often referred to as the House of Saud, holds a central place in the identity and governance of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Understanding the historical context and the founding of the Kingdom is essential to appreciate the significance of this royal lineage and its role in shaping the nation.


Historical Context and Founding of the Kingdom

The story of the Saudi Royal Family is deeply intertwined with the founding of modern Saudi Arabia. In 1932, King Abdulaziz Al Saud, commonly known as Ibn Saud, achieved a remarkable feat by unifying the various tribes and regions of the Arabian Peninsula under one flag. This unification was not only a political achievement but also a cultural and social milestone, merging diverse regions and cultures into a single nation.


Governance and the Royal Family’s Role

Saudi Arabia operates as an absolute monarchy, granting the king extensive powers. The king serves as both the head of state and a pivotal figure in shaping domestic and foreign policies. Historically, succession to the throne has followed a horizontal pattern, passing from one son of King Abdulaziz to another. However, recent trends suggest a shift towards vertical succession, with fathers passing the throne to their sons.


Key Figures in the Royal Family

Over the years, several prominent figures have emerged from the Saudi Royal Family. King Salman bin Abdulaziz, the current ruler, has garnered attention for his efforts in modernizing the country, with initiatives like Vision 2030 aimed at economic diversification and social reform. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS), another significant figure, has played a pivotal role in driving forward Saudi Arabia’s ambitious plans for economic diversification and social transformation.


Cultural and Social Influence

The Saudi Royal Family’s influence extends beyond politics, as they also hold significant cultural and religious sway. As custodians of the two holiest sites in Islam – Mecca and Medina – they are responsible for overseeing key religious practices and traditions, further reinforcing their status in the Islamic world.


Philanthropy and Charitable Works

Members of the Royal Family are renowned for their philanthropic efforts. They have established numerous charitable organizations and foundations dedicated to education, healthcare, and social welfare, both within Saudi Arabia and globally. These endeavours reflect the family’s commitment to contributing to social development and humanitarian causes.


Understanding the Royal Family in Daily Life

For those integrating into Saudi Arabian society, it is vital to acknowledge the respect and reverence accorded to the Royal Family by citizens. Conversations and discussions regarding the Royal Family are often characterized by formality and respect. Understanding this aspect is crucial for individuals seeking to navigate social and professional circles successfully in Saudi Arabia.


Facts and Figures: Saudi Arabia and Riyadh

Saudi Arabia, the largest country in the Middle East and the 13th largest in the world, boasts extensive desert landscapes, including the renowned Empty Quarter, also known as Rub’ al Khali. The official language is Arabic, and the currency used is the Saudi Riyal (SAR), divided into 100 halalas. Riyadh, the capital city, not only embodies the nation’s rich history but also encapsulates its forward-thinking vision, epitomized by projects like NEOM, a planned cross-border city in the Tabuk Province.


Natural Beauty and Landscapes

Saudi Arabia’s diverse and breath-taking landscapes are a testament to the country’s natural beauty. From vast deserts to rugged mountains and pristine coastlines, Saudi Arabia offers a wide range of stunning environments for residents and visitors to explore.


The Empty Quarter (Rub’ al Khali): One of the most iconic features of Saudi Arabia is the vast desert known as the Empty Quarter, or Rub’ al Khali. This expansive sea of sand dunes, covering a significant portion of the Arabian Peninsula, presents a mesmerizing and otherworldly landscape. Visitors can embark on desert adventures, including camel treks and dune bashing, to experience the grandeur of this unique environment.


Asir Mountains: In the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia, the Asir Mountains provide a refreshing contrast to the arid deserts. The lush, green landscapes of Asir are a haven for nature enthusiasts and hikers. The region’s moderate climate and terraced farms make it a picturesque destination, with traditional villages dotting the hillsides.


Red Sea Coastline: Saudi Arabia’s extensive coastline along the Red Sea is a treasure trove of natural beauty and marine life. The coral reefs in the Red Sea are renowned worldwide for their vibrant colors and diverse underwater ecosystems. Snorkelling and diving enthusiasts can explore these underwater wonders, encountering colourful fish and other marine creatures.


Abha and the Asir National Park: Abha, the capital of the Asir region, is a gateway to stunning landscapes and outdoor adventures. Asir National Park, located nearby, offers hiking trails with panoramic views of valleys and peaks. The park is also home to unique flora and fauna, making it a paradise for nature lovers and birdwatchers.


The Edge of the World: Just outside Riyadh, the capital city, lies an extraordinary geological formation known as the Edge of the World (Jebel Fihrayn). This dramatic escarpment offers jaw-dropping views of the desert plains below. Hiking to the edge provides a surreal experience as you gaze out over the vast expanse of the Arabian desert.


Farasan Islands: Located in the Red Sea, the Farasan Islands are an archipelago of pristine islands and coral reefs. These islands are a haven for birdwatching, snorkelling, and relaxing on pristine beaches. They provide a serene escape from the hustle and bustle of city life.


Exploring these natural wonders and landscapes is an integral part of life in Saudi Arabia. Residents and visitors have the opportunity to connect with nature, embark on outdoor adventures, and witness the breathtaking beauty of the kingdom’s diverse environments. Whether you’re seeking tranquillity along the coast, hiking through mountainous terrain, or experiencing the mystique of the desert, Saudi Arabia offers a wealth of natural beauty waiting to be explored.


Discovering the Benefits: Life in Saudi Arabia

Living in Saudi Arabia offers a unique and enriching experience characterized by a harmonious blend of traditional culture and rapid modernization. Renowned for its pivotal role in the global oil industry, the Kingdom presents a landscape filled with economic opportunities. Professionals from diverse fields are drawn to its thriving job market, particularly in sectors such as finance, healthcare, technology, and tourism, all aligned with the ambitious Vision 2030 program aimed at economic diversification.

One of the most striking features of life in Saudi Arabia is the absence of personal income tax. This aspect significantly enhances the financial appeal of working in the Kingdom, allowing for potentially higher disposable income and savings, a key consideration for expatriates and locals alike.

Culturally, Saudi Arabia stands as a testament to the rich heritage of the Arab world. Living here offers a chance to immerse oneself in the depths of Islamic history and tradition. The country is adorned with UNESCO World Heritage Sites, ancient architecture, and vibrant festivals that showcase its historical significance and cultural wealth. For Muslims, the spiritual experience of residing in the birthplace of Islam, with access to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, is unparalleled.

The Kingdom doesn’t lag behind in modern amenities and infrastructure. Cities like Riyadh and Jeddah exemplify modern urban development, boasting state-of-the-art healthcare facilities, international schools, luxurious shopping malls, and a burgeoning entertainment sector. This juxtaposition of ancient traditions with contemporary lifestyle offerings makes Saudi Arabia a uniquely intriguing place to live.

Moreover, the country’s strategic geographical location provides easy access to various destinations across the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Europe, making it an ideal base for explorers keen on experiencing a variety of cultures and landscapes.

Security and safety are other noteworthy aspects of life in Saudi Arabia. The nation is renowned for its stringent law enforcement and low crime rates, fostering a sense of security among its residents. This peace of mind is invaluable, particularly for families and individuals seeking a stable living environment.

The presence of a large expatriate community further enriches the experience of living in Saudi Arabia. This multicultural environment offers a supportive network for newcomers, facilitating a smoother cultural transition and providing opportunities for social and professional networking.

Lastly, the Saudi government’s commitment to enhancing the quality of life for its residents is evident in its Vision 2030 initiatives. These encompass increasing cultural, entertainment, and sporting events, improving public services, and fostering an environment conducive to business and innovation.


Living in Saudi Arabia unveils an enticing tapestry woven from a wealth of economic opportunities, cultural abundance, modern comforts, and an unwavering sense of security. It is an extraordinary fusion where the echoes of the past harmoniously resonate with the cadence of the future, beckoning residents to become a part of a society deeply rooted in history and tradition while embracing its ongoing transformation. As you embark on your journey in this captivating land, you’ll find yourself immersed in a nation where the threads of history, culture, and progress interweave, making Saudi Arabia an enduring and endlessly fascinating place to call home.

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